Everything you need to know about sculpture


In this art guide we would like to introduce you to the medium of sculpture. If you want to buy sculptures or sculptures, you should take a look at our collection.

What is meant by sculpture?

In art, sculpture is the production of a sculpture or sculpture in a three-dimensional form, in which the materials are processed, molded, reduced, cast or assembled, so that finally a work of art is created. Sculpture is arguably one of the best known and longest standing genres of art. It has evolved over a very long period of time and continues to do so today. There are a number of materials commonly used in sculpture, including bronze, glass, ceramics, and natural stone, which makes the possibilities for shapes, textures, and types of sculptures or sculptures inexhaustible. As techniques evolve, access improves, and materials innovate, sculpture is as diverse as it is enduring.


What materials can be used for sculpture?

The use of bronze, marble and stone in sculpture dates back to the Greek and Roman Classical periods, while wood carving established itself as a popular art form in ancient Egypt. Because of their robustness and aesthetics, these materials are still popular in sculpture today. Natural stone, in particular, has made it into the modern era because it is durable, stable, and widely available. More recently, materials such as enamel, synthetic resin and cardboard have also been added.

What is the purpose of sculpture?

In ancient Greece, sculptures and sculptures were used for worship or offerings to the gods. Sculptures and sculptures were found near shrines, temples, and religious sites. They represented idealized visions of beauty in figurative form. Sculpture was also a way to immortalize and elevate a powerful or significant person.

Religion remained a key driving force in sculpture until the Renaissance. Individuals or families often commissioned biblical figures to demonstrate their commitment to the church. Whether secular or religious, sculptures and sculptures allowed the wealth and status of the patron to be displayed.

Today, sculpture is used not only to produce a particularly similar image, but also to reflect a conceptual message. Whether it’s used to demonstrate strength or craftsmanship, sculpture remains one of the most versatile art genres around. Take a look at our collections of contemporary artists: from Alexander Grigorev’s conceptual approach to Pak-Keung Wan’s intricate and intimate small bronze figures.

basic types of sculpture

What are the basic types of sculpture?

Basically, there are four processes in sculpture: Modeling, casting, assembling (assemblage), and chiseling or carving. These methods can be used to create free-standing objects or relief sculptures. Reliefs are usually created from wood, wax, or stone and exclusively by chiseling or carving, while free-standing sculptures or sculptures can be created by chiseling/carving, modeling, casting, or assemblage.

In chiseling or carving, material is cut off from a stable mass, removed or detached by etching. Basically, the material has been reduced to the desired shape, which is why chiseling or carving is considered the opposite of sculpting. Sculptors often leave elements of the material unworked to allow the viewer to get a sense of the original look of the material. This is the case, for example, with Rise Art artist Nicola Beattie’s soapstone sculpture Aeris II.

In contrast, in sculpture, materials are added to model form and detail. During basic construction or before casting or drying, sculptures consist of a malleable medium. This gives the artist the freedom to shape and adapt the work as he or she sees fit. Materials commonly used in sculptures are plaster, wax, and clay.

sculpture materials

Unlike other methods, the possibilities are endless with assemblage. Whether it’s mixed media, objets trouvés, or recycled scrap metal, assemblage is the art of skillfully putting different materials together. Assemblage made a name for itself in the early 20th century when artists such as Picasso, Man Ray, and Rauschenberg assembled objects from scrap metal. Today, assemblage is still frequently used in contemporary sculptures, sculptures, and installations.

Casting involves first creating a mold into which a liquid material is placed, which must set and harden. The molds used in casting correspond to the negative space around the sculpture into which molten material is poured. Metals such as bronze, as well as resins and glass, are commonly used in casting molds. For example, the detail, precision and texture in Rise Art artist Holly Bennett’s aquatic bronze sculptures is achieved through casting.